Modelling and experimental investigation of nonlinear properties of YBa₂Cu₃O₇ and NdBa₂Cu₃O₇ superconducting films and resonators for applications in microwave circuits

Ledenyov, Dmytro (2018) Modelling and experimental investigation of nonlinear properties of YBa₂Cu₃O₇ and NdBa₂Cu₃O₇ superconducting films and resonators for applications in microwave circuits. PhD thesis, James Cook University.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.25903/5b6cc378be158
 
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Abstract

Nonlinear effects arising in High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) under elevated electromagnetic signal power levels can significantly limit HTS superior microwave characteristics. Understanding the extent of those limitations and possibly predicting them by modelling microwave properties of high temperature superconductors can yield a substantial advantage at early stages of microwave device design and manufacturing. Therefore, one of the main objectives of this thesis is to investigate if it is feasible to expand modelling of microwave properties of superconductors including nonlinear effects in more details. In addition, an experimental investigation was conducted in this thesis focusing on the question if there is any HTS material that exhibits smaller nonlinear effects than found in the widely utilised YBa₂Cu₃O₇ (YBCO) superconductor.

A novel approach towards the development of an advanced lumped element model of HTS materials that can accurately represent nonlinear effects in a microwave resonator is presented in this thesis. The theoretical model engineered by the author, more comprehensively represents superconducting phenomena than the standard two-fluid model. Simulation results demonstrated close correspondence with the measured characteristics of HTS films under test. The developed model could be suitable for advanced CAD tools applicable for design of HTS electronic circuits, that need to take into account the complex nature of nonlinear effects.

In reference to the experimental investigation, microwave properties of YBa₂Cu₃O₇ thin films and improved NdBa₂Cu₃O₇ (NdBCO) thin films on MgO substrates were examined by the author. In addition, a comprehensive microwave investigation of YBCO and NdBCO microstrip resonators manufactured at Tsinghua University (China) utilising thin films, manufactured in the same laboratory (Ceraco) using the same thermal coevaporation technique, was also conducted. The measurements for the thin films and resonators were performed at frequencies of 25GHz and 2.1GHz respectively, as a function of temperature and varying RF input power (from -5dBm to +30dBm). A thorough analysis of the onset of nonlinear effects in YBCO and NdBCO thin films and resonators is presented and comparatively discussed. The performed investigations show that NdBCO thin films and NdBCO resonators demonstrated higher values of the onset of nonlinearities than YBCO thin films and YBCO resonators. Smaller nonlinear effects observed in NdBCO films and NdBCO microstrip resonators could give them an advantage over YBCO films and resonators for applications in microwave circuits.

Item ID: 55990
Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: calcium fluoride, complex conductivity, dielectric materials, dielectric resonators, effective surface resistance, high temperature superconductors, intrinsic surface resistance, MgO substrates, microwave characterisation, microwave properties, NdBaCuO films, penetration depth, Q-Factor, sapphire dielectric resonator, SrLAO, superconductivity, surface resistance, transmission and reflection mode methods
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2018 Dmytro Ledenyov
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2018 04:49
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0204 Condensed Matter Physics > 020404 Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Condensed Matter; Superconductivity @ 33%
09 ENGINEERING > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091201 Ceramics @ 33%
10 TECHNOLOGY > 1005 Communications Technologies > 100505 Microwave and Millimetrewave Theory and Technology @ 34%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 33%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 33%
89 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SERVICES > 8901 Communication Networks and Services > 890199 Communication Networks and Services not elsewhere classified @ 34%
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