Specificity of DNA methylation in the hypertensive kidney

Wise, I.A., Prestes, P., Tomaszewski, M., and Charchar, F.J. (2017) Specificity of DNA methylation in the hypertensive kidney. In: Abstracts from the High Blood Pressure Research Council of Australia Annual Scientific Meeting. 49. From: 2017 HBPRCA Annual Scientific Meeting, 29 November - 1 December 2017, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

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Abstract

Background: Evidence suggests that DNA methylation (5mC) is important in the development of essential hypertension (EH). The 5mC percentage, a measurement for global methylation studies, in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) has been previously associated with hypertension. Methylation patterns are tissue-specific, contributing to differences in transcriptional regulation and cellular differentiation. So far, there have been no studies of 5mC in the kidney – an important effector organ in EH. Furthermore, there has been no investigation of the relationship between 5mC patterns in the hypertensive kidney and PBLs.

Aims: (i) To determine if global 5mC in the kidney is correlated to hypertension diagnosis and blood pressure (BP) regulation. (ii) To determine whether PBLs provide a surrogate for cross-tissue patterns of 5mC in the kidney.

Methods: We used 96 human kidney and 76 human PBL samples from the TRANSLATE study to investigate global 5mC percentage. TRANSLATE consists of carefully characterized collections of "apparently healthy" specimens of human kidneys. Global methylation was determined using the 5mC ELISA kit (Zymo Research) that measures the total amount of 5mC present in a sample.

Results: We found no association of global 5mC percentage in kidney (P=0.18) and PBL (P=0.54) with hypertension diagnosis, nor between PBL 5mC percentage and BP. However, a negative correlation was found between kidney 5mC percentage and systolic BP (r= –0.246; P <0.05), and diastolic BP (r= –0.319; P <0.01). This association was still evident after adjustment for antihypertensive medication for systolic BP (r= –0.210; P <0.05) and diastolic BP (r= –0.273; P <0.01). Furthermore, we found a strong positive correlation between normotensive kidneys and leukocyte 5mC percentages (r=0.864; P<0.01). Similarly, a strong positive correlation was evident for hypertensive kidneys and leukocyte 5mC percentages (r=0.916; P <0.01).

Conclusion: Our findings show that kidney 5mC, but not PBL 5m C, is correlated to BP regulation. No relationship was evident for global 5mC and hypertension diagnosis, regardless of the tissue type studied. Furthermore, PBL 5mC global methylation percentage was highly correlated to kidney 5mC percentage. These results highlight the importance of further studies on the involvement of kidney DNA methylation in hypertension, as well as further investigation of the relationship between methylation patterns in the kidney and blood.

Item ID: 55718
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2018 02:24
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060404 Epigenetics (incl Genome Methylation and Epigenomics) @ 50%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060408 Genomics @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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