Ways of experiencing the act of learning to program: a phenomenographic study of introductory programming students at university

Bruce, Christine, Buckingham, Lawrence, Hynd, John, McMahon, Camille, Roggenkamp, Mike, and Stoodley, Ian (2004) Ways of experiencing the act of learning to program: a phenomenographic study of introductory programming students at university. Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 3. pp. 144-160.

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Abstract

The research reported here investigates variation in first year university students’ early experiences of learning to program, with a particular focus on revealing differences in how they go about learning to program. A phenomenographic research approach was used to reveal variation in how the act of learning to program may be constituted amongst first year university students. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with students who had either recently completed, or were enrolled in, a university-level introductory programming subject. Analysis revealed that students might go about learning to program in any of five different ways; by:

(1) Following – where learning to program is experienced as ‘getting through’ the unit;

(2) Coding – where learning to program is experienced as learning to code;

(3) Understanding and integrating – where learning to program is experienced as learning to write a program through understanding and integrating concepts;

(4) Problem solving – where learning to program is experienced as learning to do what it takes to solve a problem, and;

(5) Participating or enculturation – where learning to program is experienced as discovering what it means to become a programmer.

The relationships between these different approaches to learning are represented diagrammatically. The mapping of the variation constitutes a framework within which one aspect of the teaching and learning of introductory programming, how students go about it, may be understood. Implications for teaching and learning in introductory university curricula are discussed.

Item ID: 55506
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: phenomenography; student learning; learning to program; first year experience; HERN;
Copyright Information: Copyright 2004 Informing Science
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ISSN: 1539-3585
Funders: Queensland University of Technology (QUT)
Projects and Grants: QUT Faculty of Information Technology
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2018 04:15
FoR Codes: 13 EDUCATION > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education @ 50%
08 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES @ 50%
SEO Codes: 89 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SERVICES > 8903 Information Services > 890399 Information Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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