Lexicography in the Eighteenth-century Gran Chaco: the Old Zamuco Dictionary by Ignace Chomé

Ciucci, Luca (2018) Lexicography in the Eighteenth-century Gran Chaco: the Old Zamuco Dictionary by Ignace Chomé. In: Proceedings of the XVIII EURALEX International Congress. pp. 439-451. From: XVIII EURALEX International Congress, 17-21 July 2018, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

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The Vocabulario de la lengua zamuca is the only extant dictionary of Old Zamuco, an extinct Zamucoan language spoken in the 18th century in the abandoned mission of San Ignacio de Samucos, located in the northern Chaco lowlands of South America. This document was until now inaccessible to scholars, but has now been thoroughly studied by the present author, and found to contain very rich data, which establish its fundamental importance for linguistic studies on Zamucoan and Chaco languages. The critical edition of the dictionary is currently under publication. The original author of the dictionary, the Jesuit Father Ignace Chomé (1696-1768), reveals his brilliant linguistic intuition and remarkable skills in the collection and representation of linguistic data. One of the theoretical challenges he had to face was the threefold system of nominal suffixation, which is an absolute linguistic rarity. The present paper will show how the author dealt with the main word classes of Old Zamuco, that is verbs, nouns and adjectives. Chomé structured the entries for these lexemes in such a way as to provide plenty of information on inflectional and derivational morphology. The data from the dictionary permit new and interesting insights on the grammar of Old Zamuco.

Item ID: 55385
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
ISBN: 978-961-06-0097-8
Keywords: historical lexicography, lexicography of extinct languages, morphology, South American languages, Zamucoan
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Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2019 01:36
FoR Codes: 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470408 Lexicography and semantics @ 60%
47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470409 Linguistic structures (incl. phonology, morphology and syntax) @ 40%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 90%
95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950506 Understanding the Past of the Americas @ 10%
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