International functions of lip funneling gesture: a case study of Northern Kampa Arawaks of Peru

Mihas, Elena (2018) International functions of lip funneling gesture: a case study of Northern Kampa Arawaks of Peru. Gesture, 16 (3). pp. 432-479.

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Abstract

Based on extensive ethnographic fieldwork in lowland Peru, this study examines interactional functions of Northern Kampa (Arawak) lip funneling gestures. The study has shown that lip funnels have two functions, spatial deictic and upgrading. Spatial deictic lip funnels orient the addressee to a referential target in acts of direct and deferred ostension and abstract pointing; they are accompanied with aligned gaze and coupled with a variety of lexical items (although they need not be). Spatial deictic lip funnels are intense, sometimes held for the duration of the entire utterance. The second function of lip funnels is to amplify the speaker's claim to epistemic authority in upgraded responses. In the upgrading function, lip funnels are paired with a limited range of grammatical constructions (negative-interrogative, polar focus and exhaustive focus); the geslurer's gaze is directed at the recipient, or eyes are shut. Nasalization of vowels is in complementary distribution with eye shutting. 'Upgrading' lip funnels are transitory facial actions, normally lasting a split second.

Item ID: 55297
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1569-9773
Keywords: lip funneling, upgrading strategy, epistemic stance coding
Copyright Information: Copyright © John Benjamins Publishing Company
Funders: National Science Foundation, Hans Rousing Endangered Languages Project (HRELP), Firebird Foundation for Anthropological Research, Foundation for Endangered Languages (FEL), James Cook University (JCU), Jacobs Research Funds, Whatcom Museum Foundation (WMF), Bellingham, Language and Culture Research Centre
Projects and Grants: NSF Grant #0901196, HRELP Grant SG0002
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2018 09:02
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
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