A comparison between water circulation and terrestrially-driven dissolved silica fluxes to the Mediterranean Sea traced using radium isotopes

Tamborski, Joseph, Bejannin, Simon, Garcia-Orellana, Jordi, Souhaut, Marc, Charbonnier, Céline, Anschutz, Pierre, Pujo-Pay, Mireille, Conan, Pascal, Crispi, Olivier, Monnin, Christophe, Stieglitz, Thomas, Rodellas, Valentí, Andrisoa, Aladin, Claude, Christelle, and van Beek, Pieter (2018) A comparison between water circulation and terrestrially-driven dissolved silica fluxes to the Mediterranean Sea traced using radium isotopes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 238. pp. 496-515.

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Abstract

The circulation of seawater through permeable coastal sediments is increasingly recognized as an important source of nutrients, including dissolved silica (DSi), to the coastal ocean. Here, we utilized a Ra isotope (Ra-223, Ra-224(ex), Ra-228) mass balance to quantify DSi fluxes driven by water circulation to a small shallow coastal lagoon (La Palme; French Mediterranean) during June 2016, as compared to karstic groundwater spring inputs. The DSi flux driven by lagoon water circulation (derived from Ra-224(ex)) was approximately one order of magnitude greater (1900 +/- 1700 mol d(-1)) than the DSi load of the karstic groundwater spring (250 +/- 50 mol d(-1)) and greater than molecular diffusion (970 +/- 750 mol d(-1)). Lagoon water circulation was a negligible source of Ra-228, indicating that circulation-driven DSi inputs occur over a time-scale of days. Offshore transects were studied to quantify fluxes of marine-derived submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) from the permeable sandy coastline adjacent to the lagoon, into the Mediterranean Sea. Surface water transects revealed near-shore enrichments of Ra and DSi, attributed to wave-setup and water exchange through the permeable beach between the lagoon and the sea. Upscaling over the 9.5 km stretch of sandy beaches results in a marine SGD-driven DSi flux of 2.3 +/- 1.3 x 10(4) mol d(-1), similar in magnitude to the Tet river during November 2016 (3.3 +/- 2.4 x 10(4) mol d(-1)), the largest river in the region. e. A positive relationship between DSi and Ra-224(ex) in lagoon water and seawater, but not Ra-228, suggests that Ra-224(ex) and DSi enrichments are derived from a similar source, the sediment (i.e. lithogenic particle dissolution), operating on short timescales. A marine SGD-driven DSi flux to the Gulf of Lions (3.8 +/- 2.2 x 10(5) mol d(-1)) is likely continuous over time. The relatively constant DSi inputs from water circulation for the shallow lagoons and beaches along the French Mediterranean Sea may sustain primary production in the coastal zone. In comparison, terrestrial groundwater and rivers supply temporally vari able nutrient (N, P, Si) inputs via changes in regional precipitation, runoff and aquifer storage. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item ID: 55286
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-9533
Keywords: circulation, submarine groundwater discharge, pore water exchange, radium isotopes, dissolved silica, Mediterranean Sea
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: Agence National de Recherche (ANR-MED-SGD)
Projects and Grants: ANR-15-CE01-0004
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2018 07:42
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040608 Surfacewater Hydrology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9611 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water > 961104 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Marine Environments @ 100%
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