Social science and its application to the studies of shark biology

Gerhardt, Karin, Diedrich, Amy, and Jaiteh, Vanessa (2018) Social science and its application to the studies of shark biology. In: Carrier, Jeffrey C., Heithaus, Michael R., and Simpfendorfer, Colin A., (eds.) Shark Research: emerging technologies and applications for the field and laboratory. Marine Biology Series . CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, pp. 319-336.

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Meeting the needs of people while sustaining ecosystems and the benefits they deliver is a global challenge. Coastal marine systems present a particularly important case, given that over half of the world's population lives within 100 km of the ocean, and fisheries provide the primary source of protein for over a billion people worldwide (Leslie et al., 2015). Sharks and rays play important roles in many of these fisheries and coastal communities, as not only do they provide food and income but they can also have strong social and cultural value (Dulvy et al., 2017). However, pressures on sharks and rays from fishing, habitat loss, and other factors are increasing, resulting in global declines in some species and raising concerns that up to a quarter of the world's sharks and rays are threatened with extinction (Dulvy et al., 2008).

At a time when many shark and ray species are experiencing ongoing population declines from these growing pressures, the need to engage in research that bridges the human-shark interface to better inform conservation and fisheries management and policy is becoming increasingly recognized (Jacques, 2010; Simpfendorfer et al., 2011). With the possible exception of work related to "shark attacks" on humans, social science research that focuses on sharks has not kept pace with biophysical science, despite knowledge that understanding people is pivotal to effective natural resource management (Gutierrez et al., 2011; Reid, 2016; Twyman, 2017).

Item ID: 55235
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-138-03292-7
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2018 01:52
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 50%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410401 Conservation and biodiversity @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 70%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified @ 30%
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