Prevalence of low anterior resection syndrome at a regional Australian centre

Croese, Alexander D., Zubair, Omar N., Lonie, James, Trollope, Alexandra F., Vangaveti, Venkat N., Mushaya, Chrispen, and Ho, Yik-Hong (2018) Prevalence of low anterior resection syndrome at a regional Australian centre. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 88 (12). E813-E817.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: With decreasing indication for abdominoperineal resection and an increase in sphincter preserving surgery, there is a growing population of patients who suffer from low anterior resection syndrome (LARS). The aim of this study is to use the LARS score to determine the prevalence of LARS at a regional centre in Australia and determine the effect of short- and long-course neoadjuvant therapy, anastomotic technique and interval from surgery will also be assessed.

METHODS: Patients who had undergone an anterior resection (high, low or ultralow) at a regional centre over an 11-year period were identified. Eligible patients were contacted to complete a LARS score questionnaire. Results were analysed to determine the rate of major LARS and possible causative roles of certain patient and treatment-related variables.

RESULTS: A total of 64 of 76 patients (84%) returned completed questionnaires. The prevalence of major LARS was 37.5%. Short-course neoadjuvant therapy appeared to be more likely to be associated with major LARS compared to long course (odds ratio (OR) = 2.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.37-15.3, P = 0.35); however, this did not reach statistical significance. Rates of major LARS appear to decrease slowly over time and J-pouch colonic anastomosis appears to be slightly protective against major LARS (OR = 0.7, 95% CI 0.12-3.9, P = 0.70); however, neither results were statistically significant.

CONCLUSION: The rate of major LARS at this regional centre is 37.5%. Larger prospective multicentre studies are required to determine impact of variables such as type of neoadjuvant therapy, anastomotic techniques and progression of LARS over time.

Item ID: 55195
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1445-2197
Keywords: Australia; low anterior resection syndrome; prevalence; rectal neoplasm; treatment outcome
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2018 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2018 01:42
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110323 Surgery @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920105 Digestive System Disorders @ 100%
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