A randomized controlled clinical trial to assess crestal bone remodeling of four different implant designs

Glibert, Maarten, Vervaeke, Stijn, Jacquet, Wolfgang, Vermeersch, Kim, Ostman, Par-Olov, and De Bruyn, Hugo (2018) A randomized controlled clinical trial to assess crestal bone remodeling of four different implant designs. Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 20 (4). pp. 455-462.

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Background: It is claimed that bone remodeling is limited when the implant neck has microthreads and an internal abutment connection. However, comparative studies, excluding confounding factors, are scarce.

Aim: This RCT aims to assess whether a coronal microthreaded design and an internal abutment connection affects crestal bone loss, up to one year of function.

Materials and Methods: Twenty‐one maxillary edentulous patients were consecutively treated for a bar supported maxillary overdenture on four different implants with respectively: internal connection and microthreads on the implant neck (I MT); internal connection, no microthreads (I NMT), external connection, with microthreads (E MT), and external connection, without microthreads (E NMT). Other design features, s.a. width, surface topography, platform switch as well as surgical placement and prosthetic protocol were consistent. Implant survival and crestal bone loss in relation to the implant type were considered the main variables and a Friedman test for ordered alternatives was used to assess the difference in crestal bone loss between the different study implants.

Results: Twenty‐one patients received 83 study implants. Three implants failed within three months and required replacement. The total survival rate was 96.39% after one year and based on 21 patients and 80 implants a mean crestal bone loss of 0.25 mm (SD: 0.38; range: 0‐1.48) was measured. After a follow‐up of 3, 6, 12, and 21 months no statistically significant differences in crestal bone loss between the different study implants or the different time intervals could be identified.

Conclusions: From this RCT, it is concluded that the implant‐abutment connection and a microthreaded external thread configuration have limited influence on crestal bone remodeling. The latter can be considered a multifactorial process and is more dependent on other factors such as biologic considerations than on implant design.

Item ID: 55189
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1708-8208
Keywords: bar supported overdenture, crestal bone loss, implant-abutment connection, implant design, microthreads, randomized controlled trial
Copyright Information: © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2018 09:55
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3203 Dentistry > 320306 Oral implantology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920113 Oro-Dental Disorders @ 100%
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