Volatile chemical emissions from fragranced baby products

Nematollahi, Neda, Doronila, Augustine, Mornane, Patrick J., Duan, Alex, Kolev, Spas D., and Steinemann, Anne (2018) Volatile chemical emissions from fragranced baby products. Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health, 11 (7). pp. 785-790.

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Fragranced consumer products have been associated with adverse effects on human health. Babies are exposed to a variety of fragranced consumer products, which can emit numerous volatile organic compounds (VOCs), some considered potentially hazardous. However, fragranced baby products are exempt from disclosure of all ingredients. Consequently, parents and the public have little information on product emissions. This study investigates VOCs emitted from a range of fragranced baby products, including baby hair shampoos, body washes, lotions, creams, ointments, oils, hair sprays, and fragrance. The products were analysed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) headspace analysis. Of the 42 baby products tested, 21 products made claims of green, organic, or all-natural. Results of the analysis found 684 VOCs emitted collectively from the 42 products, representing 228 different VOCs. Of these 684 VOCs, 207 are classified as potentially hazardous under federal regulations, representing 43 different VOCs. The most common VOCs emitted were limonene, acetaldehyde, ethanol, alpha-pinene, linalool, beta-myrcene, acetone, and beta-pinene. A comparison between ingredients emitted and ingredients listed reveals that only 5% of the 684 VOCs, including 12% of 207 potentially hazardous VOCs, were listed on the product label, safety data sheet, or website. More than 95% of both green and regular products emitted one or more potentially hazardous VOCs. Further, emissions of the most prevalent VOCs from green, organic, or all-natural products were not significantly different from regular products. Results from this study can help improve public awareness about emissions from baby products, with the aim to reduce pollutant exposure and potential adverse effects on babies.

Item ID: 55188
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-9326
Keywords: Baby products, Fragrance, Volatile organic compounds, Emissions, Ingredients
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Funders: University of Melbourne (UM), Australian Government (AG), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO)
Projects and Grants: UM - AG Research Training Program Scholarship (RTP), AG Department of Education and Training (Australian Postgraduate Award), UM - Trace Analysis for Chemical, Earth and Environmental Sciences (TrACEES)
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2018 09:47
FoR Codes: 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3701 Atmospheric sciences > 370199 Atmospheric sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
40 ENGINEERING > 4011 Environmental engineering > 401199 Environmental engineering not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920405 Environmental Health @ 100%
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