Body image and quality of life post-bariatric surgery

Caltabiano, Marie L., and Smith, Sheena (2018) Body image and quality of life post-bariatric surgery. In: [Presented at the International Congress of Applied Psychology]. From: ICAP2018: International Congress of Applied Psychology, 26-30 June 2018, Montreal, Canada.

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Abstract

Despite evidence of immediate weight loss and improved quality of life in patients who have undergone bariatric surgery these changes are often not sustained beyond two years post surgery. This study examined quality of life and body image of obese persons who had undergone bariatric surgery. Obese individuals (N=305) who had undergone bariatric surgery responded to an online survey. The ORWELL-97 measured obesity specific health related quality of life relating to the somatic, physical function, emotional state and social engagement domains. Body image was assessed with the MBSRQ-AS-34 subscales of appearance evaluation (AE), appearance orientation (AO), body areas satisfaction (BASS), overweight preoccupation (OP) and self-classified weight (WC). There were no significant differences between the different types of surgery received (gastric banding, gastric bypass, gastric sleeve, duodenal switch with biliopancreatic diversion) and body image subscales of the MBSRQ, or the ORWELL-97 subscales. T-test differences on obesity QoL, intensity of symptoms, and overweight preoccupation were found for those who had undergone weight-loss surgery compared to those who had not. Body image predicted obesity QoL in the multiple regression for the vertical sleeve group. Appearance evaluation (Beta=-.401) and self-classified weight (Beta=.311) both predicted QoL. Quality of life in bariatric surgery patients was determined by body image perceptions. Many of the patients still perceived themselves as obese post surgery. Further research is needed to understand obese individuals' long-term treatment goal expectations for weight and body image following bariatric surgery.

Item ID: 54646
Item Type: Conference Item (Presentation)
Keywords: body image, quality of life, bariatric surgery
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Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2018 01:46
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920118 Surgical Methods and Procedures @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920201 Allied Health Therapies (excl. Mental Health Services) @ 50%
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