Analysis of the separation angle between the thorax and pelvis, and its association with performance in the hammer throw

Brice, Sara M., Ness, Kevin F., Everingham, Yvette L., Rosemond, Doug, and Judge, Lawrence W. (2018) Analysis of the separation angle between the thorax and pelvis, and its association with performance in the hammer throw. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 13 (6). pp. 993-1000.

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The hammer throw is perhaps one of the most misunderstood and difficult events to learn in track and field. Improvements in technique are focused on strategies designed to increase implement release velocity. The purpose of this cross-sectional investigative study was to examine the association between the angle of separation between the thorax and pelvis and performance in the hammer throw. Two male and four female throwers were used to assess positional data of the hammer, thorax, and pelvis. Hammer positional data were used to determine linear hammer speed at release, release angle, and release height. Thorax and pelvis positional data were used to determine thorax rotation relative to the pelvis (separation angle). The association between values of separation angle at key instances and performance was examined. Performance was determined by distance thrown (55.69 ± 3.42 m). Release speeds (24.32 ± 0.70 m/s) were also examined as a contributory factor towards performance and were included to account for instances where throwers released the hammer using sub-optimal release heights and angles which negatively affected distance thrown. The separation angle at its smallest within each turn was found to have a strong negative association with the performance indicators, especially in the first two turns (significant correlates ranged from −0.82 to −0.97). This finding indicates when throwers reduced the separation to a smaller value, performance was enhanced. Separation angle was at its smallest in double support. This suggests that throwers may improve performance by reducing the separation angle during double support phases.

Item ID: 54609
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2048-397X
Keywords: Angular kinematics, sport biomechanics, track and field athletics
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2018. The Author Accepted Manuscript of this article is available Open Access from ResearchOnline@JCU.
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2018 02:36
FoR Codes: 51 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 5105 Medical and biological physics > 510599 Medical and biological physics not elsewhere classified @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420701 Biomechanics @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
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