Echinococcus granulosus infection in two free-ranging Lumholtz’s tree-kangaroo (Dendrolagus lumholtzi) from the Atherton Tablelands, Queensland

Shima, Amy, Constantinoiu, Constantin, Johnson, Linda, and Skerratt, Lee (2018) Echinococcus granulosus infection in two free-ranging Lumholtz’s tree-kangaroo (Dendrolagus lumholtzi) from the Atherton Tablelands, Queensland. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 3 (2).

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Abstract

Abstract: Infection with the larval stage of the cestode, Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.), causes hydatid disease (hydatidosis) in a range of hosts, including macropods and other marsupials, cattle, and humans. Wild macropods are an important sylvatic reservoir for the life cycle of E. granulosus (s.l.) in Australia, and so provide a conduit for transmission of hydatid disease to domestic animals and humans. Two Lumholtz’s tree-kangaroos (Dendrolagus lumholtzi) from the Atherton Tablelands of Far North Queensland were recently found to have hydatid cysts in both liver and lung tissues. Tree-kangaroos may travel across the ground between patches of forest but are primarily arboreal leaf-eating macropods. The finding of hydatid cysts in an arboreal folivore may indicate that the area has a high level of contamination with eggs of E. granulosus (s.l.). This finding may be of significance to human health as well as indicating the need for further investigation into the prevalence of hydatid disease in domestic stock, wildlife and humans living in this rapidly urbanizing region.

Item ID: 54499
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2414-6366
Keywords: echinococcus; hydatid disease; tree-kangaroo; zoonosis; public health
Additional Information:

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Funders: Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment, Skyrail Rainforest Foundation, Wet Tropics Management Authority, M.A. Ingram Trust, Australian Postgraduate Award
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2018 04:15
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060307 Host-Parasite Interactions @ 33%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070708 Veterinary Parasitology @ 33%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070709 Veterinary Pathology @ 34%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8399 Other Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 839901 Animal Welfare @ 33%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920120 Zoonoses @ 34%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 33%
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