Effects of late-night training on "slow-wave sleep episode" and hour-by-hour-derived nocturnal cardiac autonomic activity in female soccer players

Costa, Julio A., Brito, Joao, Nakamura, Fabio Y., Oliveira, Eduardo M., and Rebelo, Antonio N. (2018) Effects of late-night training on "slow-wave sleep episode" and hour-by-hour-derived nocturnal cardiac autonomic activity in female soccer players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 13 (5). pp. 638-644.

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Abstract

Purpose: To assess the sensitivity of nocturnal heart-rate-variability-monitoring methods to the effects of late-night soccer training sessions in female athletes.

Methods: Eleven female soccer players competing in the first division of the Portuguese soccer league wore heart-rate monitors during sleep at night throughout a 1-wk competitive in-season microcytic, after late-night training sessions (n = 3) and rest days (n = 3). Heart rate variability was analyzed through "slow-wave sleep episode" (10-min duration) and "hour by hour" (all the RR intervals recorded throughout the hours of sleep). Training load was quantified by session rating of perceived exertion (281.8 [117.9] to 369.0 [111.7] arbitrary units [a.u.]) and training impulse (77.5 [36.5] to 110.8 [31.6] a.u.), added to subjective well-being ratings (Hopper index = 11.6 [4.4] to 12.8 [3.2] a.u.). These variables were compared between training and rest days using repeated-measures analysis of variance.

Results: The log-transformed slow-wave sleep-episode cardiac autonomic activity (InRMSSD [natural logarithm of the square root of the mean of the sum of the squares of differences between adjacent normal RR intervals] varying between 3.92 [0.57] and 4.20 [0.60] ms; \g=h\p2 = .16; 95% confidence interval, .01-.26), InHF (natural logarithm of high frequency), InLF (natural logarithm of low frequency), lnSD1 (natural logarithm of short-term beat-to-beat variability), and lnSD2 (natural logarithm of long-term beat-to-beat variability), and the nontransformed LF/HF were not different among nighttraining session days and rest days (P > .05). Considering the hour-by-hour method (InRMSSD varying between 4.05 [0.35] and 4.33 [0.32] ms; \g-h\p2 = .46; 95% confidence interval, .26-.52), InHF, InLF, lnSD1. and lnSD2 and the nontransformed LF/HF were not different among night-training session days and rest days (P > .05).

Conclusion: Late-night soccer training does not seem to affect nocturnal slow-wave sleep-episode and hour-by-hour heart-rate-variability indices in highly trained athletes.

Item ID: 54440
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1555-0273
Keywords: autonomic nervous system, overnight, overload, recovery, supine
Funders: International Centre for Sports Studies, Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 07:57
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 1
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