A global analysis of management capacity and ecological outcomes in terrestrial protected areas

Geldmann, Jonas, Coad, Lauren, Barnes, Megan D., Craigie, Ian D., Woodley, Stephen, Balmford, Andrew, Brooks, Thomas M., Hockings, Marc, Knights, Kathryn, Mascia, Michael B., McRae, Louise, and Burgess, Neil D. (2018) A global analysis of management capacity and ecological outcomes in terrestrial protected areas. Conservation Letters, 11 (3). e12434.

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Abstract

Protecting important sites is a key strategy for halting the loss of biodiversity. However, our understanding of the relationship between management inputs and biodiversity outcomes in protected areas (PAs) remains weak. Here, we examine biodiversity outcomes using species population trends in PAs derived from the Living Planet Database in relation to management data derived from the Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT) database for 217 population time-series from 73 PAs. We found a positive relationship between our METT-based scores for Capacity and Resources and changes in vertebrate abundance, consistent with the hypothesis that PAs require adequate resourcing to halt biodiversity loss. Additionally, PA age was negatively correlated with trends for the mammal subsets and PA size negatively correlated with population trends in the global subset. Our study highlights the paucity of appropriate data for rigorous testing of the role of management in maintaining species populations across multiple sites, and describes ways to improve our understanding of PA performance.

Item ID: 54426
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1755-263X
Keywords: living planet database, management effectiveness tracking tool (METT), protected area management effectiveness (PAME), vertebrate population trends, world database on protected areas (WDPA)
Copyright Information: Copyright and Photocopying: © 2018 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Funders: Villum Fonden (VF), Danish National Research Foundation (DNRF), EU Marie Sklodowska‐Curie action (EU MSC), United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Projects and Grants: VF Grant Number: VKR023371, DNRF Grant Number: DNRF96, EU MSC Grant Number: H2020‐MSCA‐IF‐2015‐706784
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 07:44
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960599 Ecosystem Assessment and Management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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