Thermodynamic analysis of ammoniacal thiosulphate leaching of gold catalysed by Co(III)/Co(II) using E-h-pH and speciation diagrams

Liu, Xiaoliang, Xu, Bin, Yang, Yongbin, Li, Qian, Jiang, Tao, and He, Yinghe (2018) Thermodynamic analysis of ammoniacal thiosulphate leaching of gold catalysed by Co(III)/Co(II) using E-h-pH and speciation diagrams. Hydrometallurgy, 178. pp. 240-249.

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Abstract

In this paper, E-h-pH and speciation diagrams for gold leaching in the Co-NH3-S2O32--H2O system are constructed from thermodynamic calculations. The diagrams show that thermodynamically stable redox couples of Co(NH3)(6)(3+)/Co(NH3)(x)(2+) (x = 1-6) can be formed and drive the dissolution of gold in ammoniacal thiosulphate solutions. Based on the diagrams, a possible mechanism for the Co(III)/Co(II) electrochemical-catalytic leaching of gold with ammoniacal thiosulphate is proposed. The calculation also reveals the differences in the oxidization potential and structural stability of the Co(NH3)(6)(3+) and Cu(NH3)(4)(2+), which explains the much reduced thiosulphate consumption in the Co-NH3-S2O32--H2O system compared to that in the Cu-NH3-S2O32--H2O system. Results presented in this paper offer a theoretical basis for the optimization of the cobalt-catalysed thiosulphate leaching of gold.

Item ID: 54414
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-1158
Keywords: gold leaching, anunoniacal thiosulphate, cobalt-catalysed, thermodynamic analysis
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 07:33
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0914 Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy > 091403 Hydrometallurgy @ 100%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8402 Primary Mining and Extraction Processes of Mineral Resources > 840205 Mining and Extraction of Precious (Noble) Metal Ores @ 100%
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