Marine fisheries and future ocean conflict

Spijkers, Jessica, Morrison, Tiffany, Blasiak, Robert, Cumming, Graeme S., Osborne, Matthew, Watson, James, and Österblom, Henrik (2018) Marine fisheries and future ocean conflict. Fish and Fisheries, 19 (5). pp. 798-806.

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Conflict over marine fishery resources is a growing security concern. Experts expect that global changes in our climate, food systems and oceans may spark or exacerbate resource conflicts. An initial scan of 803 relevant papers and subsequent intensive review of 31 fisheries conflict studies, focused on subnational and international conflicts, suggests that four substantial scientific gaps need addressing to improve our understanding of the nature and drivers of fisheries conflict. First, fisheries conflict and levels of conflict intensity are not precisely defined. Second, complex adaptive systems thinking is underutilized but has the potential to produce more realistic causal models of fishery conflict. Third, comparative large‐scale data and suitably integrative methodologies are lacking, underscoring the need for a standardized and comparable database of fisheries conflict cases to aid extrapolation beyond single case‐studies. Fourth, there is room for a more widespread application of higher order concepts and associated terminology. Importantly, the four gaps highlight the homogenized nature of current methodological and theoretical approaches to understanding fishery conflict, which potentially presents us with an oversimplified understanding of these conflicts. A more nuanced understanding of the complex and dynamic nature of fishery conflict and its causes is not only scientifically critical, but increasingly relevant for policymakers and practitioners in this turbulent world.

Item ID: 54365
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1467-2979
Keywords: climate change; complex adaptive systems; disputes; fishery resources; scarcity; security
Copyright Information: © 2018 The Authors. Fish and Fisheries. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Funders: Guidance for Resilience in the Anthropocene, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (CE), Nippon Foundation (NF)
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 01:50
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3005 Fisheries sciences > 300505 Fisheries management @ 30%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4101 Climate change impacts and adaptation > 410103 Human impacts of climate change and human adaptation @ 40%
48 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 4803 International and comparative law > 480303 Conflict of laws (incl. private international law) @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960701 Coastal and Marine Management Policy @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 30%
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