Novel sustainable route for synthesis of hydroxyapatite biomaterial from biowastes

Ronan, Karly, and Kannan, M. Bobby (2017) Novel sustainable route for synthesis of hydroxyapatite biomaterial from biowastes. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 5 (3). pp. 2237-2245.

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Abstract

In this study, we demonstrated that hydroxyapatite (HAp) biomaterial can be synthesized entirely from biowastes, i.e., eggshells and urine. Eggshells were cleaned, crushed, and calcined at 900 °C and then the powder was dissolved in water to form an aqueous calcium hydroxide solution. The aqueous solution was mixed with synthetic urine (SU) in stoichiometric amounts corresponding to HAp (Ca/P ratio ∼1.67). Calcium phosphate (CaP) was potentiostatically synthesized on magnesium or stainless steel electrode at cathodic potentials (-2 to -4 V). CaP particles formed on the metal surface at -2 V. The growth of the particles increased as the potential was increased from -2 to -3 V. However, at -4 V, the particles formed on the metal surface decreased as a result of excessive hydrogen evolution on the metal surface disrupting particle adhesion. An increase in the electrolyte concentration by 3-fold enhanced the particle growth, but further increase in the concentration by 5-fold did not show any additional improvement. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis confirmed that the powder formed on the metal sample was an amorphous CaP. Alkaline treatment at 80 °C for 2 h converted the amorphous CaP into crystalline HAp.

Item ID: 54149
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2168-0485
Keywords: bioceramic; bioimplant; eggshell; electrosynthesis; urine
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2018 01:22
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030503 Organic Chemical Synthesis @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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