Chytridiomycosis

Martel, An, Pasmans, Frank, Fisher, Matthew C., Grogan, Laura F., Skerratt, Lee F., and Berger, Lee (2018) Chytridiomycosis. In: Seyedmousavi, Seyedmojtaba, de Hoog, G. Sybren, Guillot, Jaques, and Verweij, Paul E., (eds.) Emerging and Epidemic Fungal Infections in Animals. Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 309-335.

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Abstract

The amphibian fungal disease chytridiomycosis is considered one of the greatest threats to biodiversity. This lethal skin disease is caused by chytridiomycete fungi belonging to the genus Batrachochytrium. Although sudden amphibian population declines had occurred since the 1970s in the Americas and Australia, mass mortalities were not observed until the 1990s. The fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) was identified as the cause of these declines. It is estimated that Bd has caused the rapid decline or extinction of at least 200 amphibian species, which is probably an underestimation due to the cryptic behaviour of many amphibians such as many salamanders and also the lack of monitoring. A second chytrid species, B. salamandrivorans (Bsal), has recently emerged and caused mass mortality in salamanders in Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany, affecting most salamander and newt taxa in the amphibian community and is considered a major threat to the western Palearctic amphibian biodiversity. In this chapter we review the epidemiology, host pathogen interactions and mitigation strategies of both chytrid pathogens.

Item ID: 54105
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-3-319-72091-3
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC FT100100375
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2018 01:35
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070799 Veterinary Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 100%
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