Analytic atheism: a cross-culturally weak and fickle phenomenon?

Gervais, Will M., van Elk, Michiel, Xygalatas, Dimitris, McKay, Ryan T., Aveyard, Mark, Buchtel, Emma T., Dar-Nimrod, Ilan, Kundtová Klocová, Eva, Ramsay, Jonathan, Riekki, Tapani, Svedholm-Häkkinen, Annika M., and Bulbulia, Joseph (2018) Analytic atheism: a cross-culturally weak and fickle phenomenon? Judgment and Decision Making, 13 (3). pp. 268-274.

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Abstract

Religious belief is a topic of longstanding interest to psychological science, but the psychology of religious disbelief is a relative newcomer. One prominently discussed model is analytic atheism, wherein cognitive reflection, as measured with the Cognitive Reflection Test, overrides religious intuitions and instruction. Consistent with this model, performance-based measures of cognitive reflection predict religious disbelief in WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, & Democratic) samples. However, the generality of analytic atheism remains unknown. Drawing on a large global sample (N = 3461) from 13 religiously, demographically, and culturally diverse societies, we find that analytic atheism as usually assessed is in fact quite fickle cross-culturally, appearing robustly only in aggregate analyses and in three individual countries. The results provide additional evidence for culture’s effects on core beliefs.

Item ID: 53901
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1930-2975
Additional Information:

Copyright: © 2018. The authors license this article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Funders: Templeton Foundation (TF), Royal Society of New Zealand (RSNZ), ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (DOSR)
Projects and Grants: TF 48275, RSNZ Marsden Grant VUW1321, TF 52257, DOSR grant 016.135.135
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2018 02:43
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology @ 33%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170111 Psychology of Religion @ 33%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1702 Cognitive Science > 170202 Decision Making @ 34%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 100%
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