Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory

Lipson, Mark, Cheronet, Olivia, Mallick, Swapan, Rohland, Nadin, Oxenham, Marc, Pietrusewsky, Michael, Pryce, Thomas, Willis, Anna, Matsumura, Hirofumi, Buckley, Hallie, Domett, Kate, Nguyen, Giang Hai, Trinh, Hoang Hiep, Kyaw, Aung Aung, Win, Tin Tin, Pradier, Baptiste, Broomandkhoshbacht, Nasreen, Candilio, Francesca, Changmai, Piya, Fernandes, Daniel, Ferry, Matthew, Gamarra, Beatriz, Harney, Eadaoin, Kampuansai, Jatupol, Kutanan, Wibhu, Michel, Megan, Novak, Mario, Oppenheimer, Jonas, Sirak, Kendra, Stewardson, Kristin, Zhang, Zhao, Flegontov, Pavel, Pinhasi, Ron, and Reich, David (2018) Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory. Science, 361 (6397). pp. 92-95.

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Abstract

Southeast Asia is home to rich human genetic and linguistic diversity, but the details of past population movements in the region are not well known. Here, we report genome-wide ancient DNA data from eighteen Southeast Asian individuals spanning from the Neolithic period through the Iron Age (4100–1700 years ago). Early farmers from Man Bac in Vietnam exhibit a mixture of East Asian (southern Chinese agriculturalist) and deeply diverged eastern Eurasian (hunter-gatherer) ancestry characteristic of Austroasiatic speakers, with similar ancestry as far south as Indonesia providing evidence for an expansive initial spread of Austroasiatic languages. By the Bronze Age, in a parallel pattern to Europe, sites in Vietnam and Myanmar show close connections to present-day majority groups, reflecting substantial additional influxes of migrants.

Item ID: 53811
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-9203
Funders: French Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, Japan Society for Promotion of Science (JSPS), Statutory City of Ostrava (SCO), Moravian-Silesian Region (MSR), Irish Research Council (IRC), Thailand Research Fund (TRF), University of Ostrava, Czech Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (CMEYS), National Science Foundation (NSF), National Institute of Health (NIH), Paul G. Allen Family Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)
Projects and Grants: JSPS 16H02527, SCO 094/2016/SaS, MSR 01211/2016/RRC, IRC GOIPG, TRF MRG5980146, CMEYS OPVVV 16_019/0000759, NSF HOMIND BCS-1032255, NIH NIGMS GM100233
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2018 02:28
FoR Codes: 21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210102 Archaeological Science @ 50%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210103 Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas @ 50%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950502 Understanding Asias Past @ 100%
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