Attachment style and dietary self-regulation in persons at risk for type II diabetes

Caltabiano, M., Caltabiano, N., and O'Malley, K. (2017) Attachment style and dietary self-regulation in persons at risk for type II diabetes. In: [Presented at the Australasian Society of Behavioural Health and Medicine Conference]. From: ASBHM-CHP 2017: Australasian Society of Behavioural Health and Medicine Conference, 13-15 July 2017, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

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Introduction: Attachment theory and Self-Determination Theory were used as explanatory frameworks for understanding diet-related health behaviour for persons identified at risk for type II diabetes. The effect of attachment models of self and others on treatment motivation (autonomous, controlled, and amotivation) was examined. Furthermore, it was predicted that accurate illness perceptions of type II diabetes and ability to regulate emotions would determine autonomous motivation.

Method: A sample of 116 volunteer participants (73 female, 43 male) aged between 40 to 65 years (mean age of 51.28 years) completed an online survey. The measures used were the Relationship Questionnaire, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, the Self-Regulation Scale, the Perceived Competence Scale and the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire.

Results: Using hierarchical regression, models of self and others were not found to add significantly to the prediction of diet amotivation, autonomous motivation or controlled motivation for diet. Gender was found to be the most significant contributor to the prediction of controlled motivation for diet. Positive models of self (secure attachment) were associated with self-regulation, perceived competence to make dietary changes and lower amotivation. Negative models of self and others (fearful, dismissing attachment) were not related to treatment motivation to make dietary changes.

Conclusions: An attachment framework does not appear to be useful in understanding treatment motivation for persons at risk for Type II diabetes. This finding needs to be replicated with other chronic illnesses and has significance for self-management.

Item ID: 53735
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
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Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2018 23:15
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920104 Diabetes @ 100%
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