Isokinetic assessment of muscular stength and balance in Brazilian futsal players

Nunes, Renan F.H., Dellagrana, Rodolfo A., Nakamura, Fabio Y., Buzzachera, Cosme F., Almeida, Flavia A.M., Flores, Lucinar J.F., Guglielmo, Luiz G. A., and da Silva, Sergio G. (2018) Isokinetic assessment of muscular stength and balance in Brazilian futsal players. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 13 (1). pp. 94-103.

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Abstract

Purpose/Background: Strength asymmetries are related to knee injuries in intermittent sports players. The purpose of this study was to examine whether elite futsal players demonstrate strength asymmetries during knee isokinetic testing applying the Croisier et al. (21) criteria.

Methods: Forty male elite (27.9 +/- 6.5 years) Brazilian futsal players participated in the study. The testing protocol required players to perform concentric contractions of both quadriceps and hamstring muscles at angular velocities of 60 degrees.s(-1) and 240 degrees.s(-1) and eccentric contractions of hamstring at 30 degrees.s(-1) and 120 degrees.s(-1). Conventional (concentric: concentric) and mixed (eccentric: concentric) hamstrings/quadriceps (H/Q) ratios were calculated. Subjects were determined to have an imbalanced strength profile if an athlete had at least two parameters that were asymmetrical across speeds and conditions. Asymmetry was operationally defined as peak torque asymmetry greater than 15% in bilateral comparison, and H/Q ratio less than 0.47 for conventional and 0.80 for mixed conditions.

Results: Significant differences were observed between preferred and nonpreferred limbs in the concentric contractions of flexors at 240 degrees.s(-1) and eccentric contractions of extensors and flexors at 30 degrees.s(-1) and 120 degrees.s(-1). However, these asymmetries did not exceed 15%. The conventional and mixed H/Q ratios were greater in the preferred than in nonpreferred limbs, but only the mixed hamstrings(ecc)/quadriceps(conc) in the nonpreferred limbs showed values lower than recommended (< 0.80). In addition, 50% of elite futsal players had preseason strength imbalances per the developed criteria.

Conclusion: The studied elite futsal players had preseason strength imbalances, which may increase the risk of hamstring injuries.

Item ID: 53591
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2159-2896
Keywords: asymmetry, injury risk, isokinetic, peak torque
Date Deposited: 09 May 2018 08:32
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 100%
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