Ion implantation of calcium and zinc in magnesium for biodegradable implant applications

Somasundaram, Sahadev, Ionescu, Mihail, and Mathan, Bobby Kannan (2018) Ion implantation of calcium and zinc in magnesium for biodegradable implant applications. Metals, 8 (1). 30.

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Abstract

In this study, magnesium was implanted with calcium-ion and zinc-ion at fluences of 10(15), 10(16), and 10(17) ion.cm(-2), and its in vitro degradation behaviour was evaluated using electrochemical techniques in simulated body fluid (SBF). Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) revealed that the implanted ions formed layers within the passive magnesium-oxide/hydroxide layers. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) results demonstrated that calcium-ion implantation at a fluence of 10(15) ions.cm(-2) increased the polarisation resistance by 24%, but higher fluences showed no appreciable improvement. In the case of zinc-ion implantation, increase in the fluence decreased the polarisation resistance. A fluence of 10(17) ion.cm(-2) decreased the polarisation resistance by 65%, and fluences of 10(15) and 10(16) showed only marginal effect. Similarly, potentiodynamic polarisation results also suggested that low fluence of calcium-ion decreased the degradation rate by 38% and high fluence of zinc-ion increased the degradation rate by 61%. All the post-polarized ion-implanted samples and the bare metal revealed phosphate and carbonate formation. However, the improved degradative behaviour in calcium-ion implanted samples can be due to a relatively better passivation, whereas the reduction in degradation resistance in zinc-ion implanted samples can be attributed to the micro-galvanic effect.

Item ID: 53535
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2075-4701
Keywords: magnesium, biomaterials, degradation, ion implantation
Copyright Information: © 2018 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Funders: National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS), Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE)
Projects and Grants: AINSE Award No. ALNGRA14545
Date Deposited: 09 May 2018 07:52
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0914 Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy > 091401 Electrometallurgy @ 100%
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