Ophthalmological injuries associated with fractures of the orbitozygomaticomaxillary complex

Johnson, Nigel R., Singh, Navin R., Oztel, Mehmet, Vangaveti, Venkat N., Rahmel, Benjamin B., and Ramalingam, Lakshmi (2018) Ophthalmological injuries associated with fractures of the orbitozygomaticomaxillary complex. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 56 (3). pp. 221-226.

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Abstract

Our aim was to evaluate ophthalmological injuries associated with fractures of the orbitozygomaticomaxillary complex that required operative treatment, and we collected data retrospectively over a period of five years (2012-2016 inclusive). Of the 190 patients, 162 were male with a median age of 31 (IQR 25 - 39) years. Assault was the most common mechanism of injury (125/190, 66%). Minor ophthalmic injuries (those unlikely to cause permanent visual disturbance) and major ophthalmic injuries (those with the potential to cause permanent visual disturbance) were recorded. The common minor ophthalmic injuries were: diplopia, enophthalmos, proptosis, subconjunctival haemorrhage, and restriction of the extraocular muscles. Commotio retinae, traumatic mydriasis, retro-orbital haemorrhage, and hyphaema were the common major ophthalmic injuries. All 13 different major ophthalmic injuries were recorded in the group who had had orbital fractures reconstructed, which suggested that more intraocular damage can be caused by this type of fracture than by others. Visual acuity was reduced in 26/190 patients with only four having persistent postoperative changes at six weeks. The odds ratio for those patients who had a major ophthalmological injury and were unable to drive was 0.07 (95% CI 0.02 to 0.21, p = 0.001), which was highly significant. Ophthalmological assessment is strongly recommended for patients with fractures of the orbitozygomaticomaxillary complex.

Item ID: 53521
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1532-1940
Keywords: ophthalmology, ocular, injury, orbit, Zygoma, fracture
Date Deposited: 09 May 2018 07:41
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110399 Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 20%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1113 Ophthalmology and Optometry > 111301 Ophthalmology @ 80%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920107 Hearing, Vision, Speech and Their Disorders @ 80%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920116 Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis) @ 20%
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