Assessment of surface currents measured with high-frequency chased-array radars in two regions of complex circulation

Wyatt, Lucy R., Mantovanelli, Alessandra, Heron, Mal L., Roughan, Moninya, and Steinberg, Craig R. (2018) Assessment of surface currents measured with high-frequency chased-array radars in two regions of complex circulation. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 43 (2). pp. 484-505.

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Abstract

Surface velocity data from two WERA highfrequency (HF) ocean radar systems, deployed as part of the Australian Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS), are compared with near-surface currents obtained from drifters and acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs). We evaluate data from two contrasting locations in the first detailed evaluation of the IMOS HF radar surface velocities. HF radar measurements are generally robust but demand quality-control procedures to eliminate obvious errors and outliers that appear temporarily or systematically in the data. A number of different quality control procedures and filters are applied and assessed including Taylor diagrams and Hampel and Savitzky-Golay filters. In addition, the need for and effect of averaging are discussed. The radar measurements of surface current agreed betterwith the near-surface drifter currents than with the subsurfaceADCPcurrents. Nonetheless, the ADCP comparisons are consistent with those previously reported in other regions. The value of the Taylor diagram for comparing different surface current data sets and processing approaches is demonstrated. Noise levels in the radar current spectra are used to estimate the error in the measurements and in some cases, these errors were found to approach the precision of the radar estimates. Our results give guidance on the most useful temporal sampling resolution. In particular we show that at these sites and these operating frequencies, using 10-min samplingwithout further averaging does not provide additional information because the higher frequencies are dominated by noise. Averaging the radials over 30 min may be sufficient for many applications.

Item ID: 53448
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1558-1691
Keywords: acoustic doppler current profilers (ADCPs), coastal currents, Coffs Harbour, drifter, Eastern Australia, Great Barrier Reef (GBR), Hampel filter, high-frequency (HF) radar, Savitzky-Golay filter, Taylor diagram, WERA, quality control
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Date Deposited: 03 May 2018 12:11
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090609 Signal Processing @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0911 Maritime Engineering > 091103 Ocean Engineering @ 50%
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