Influence of waterpipe smoking on cardiac autonomic function at rest and following high-intensity anaerobic exercise

Ahmadian, Mehdi, Ghorbani, Saeed, Roshan, Valiollah Dabidi, and Leicht, Anthony S. (2018) Influence of waterpipe smoking on cardiac autonomic function at rest and following high-intensity anaerobic exercise. Acta Gymnica, 48 (1). pp. 36-43.

PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (155kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website:


Background: Waterpipe (WP) smoking has been linked to reduced birth weight, genetic damage, and respiratory and cardiovascular disease, possibly via enhanced exposure to carbon monoxide and volatile aldehydes. Objective: The effect of long-term WP smoking on cardiac autonomic function at rest and following exercise was investigated.

Methods: Twenty males volunteered and were divided into two groups: WP smokers (WPS) and non-smokers (NSmk). Heart rate variability (HRV) at rest and following (10 mins) Wingate test was examined. Additionally, heart rate recovery (HRR) at 1 (HRR1), 2 (HRR2) and 5 mins (HRR5) post-Wingate test were considered.

Results: At rest, the WPS group exhibited a significantly greater heart rate and lower standard deviation of RR intervals. The WPS group experienced a significantly greater peak heart rate while the post-Wingate recovery of HRV, HRR1, and HRR2 were similar between groups. In contrast, HRR5 for the WPS group was significantly greater than for the NSmk group.

Conclusions: Long-term WP smoking resulted in an altered resting cardiac autonomic state exemplified by reduced overall HRV, specifically, a decline in vagal activity and/or relative increase in sympathetic activity that may persist during anaerobic exercise but not during early recovery.

Item ID: 53415
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2336-4920
Keywords: heart rate variability, Wingate anaerobic test, heart rate recovery, hookah
Copyright Information: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original publication is properly cited. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Date Deposited: 03 May 2018 12:03
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420702 Exercise physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920408 Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being) @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 1054
Last 12 Months: 57
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page