'Me', 'us', and 'others': expressing the self in Arawak languages of South America, with a focus on Tariana

Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. (2018) 'Me', 'us', and 'others': expressing the self in Arawak languages of South America, with a focus on Tariana. In: Huang, Minyao, and Jaszczolt, Kasia M., (eds.) Expressing the Self: cultural diversity and cognitive universals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 13-39.

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The Arawak language family is the largest in South America in terms of its geographical spread, with over forty extant languages. Arawak languages are spoken in at least ten locations north of the Amazon, and in at least ten south of it, and are structurally diverse. Across the family, the expression of first person is relatively consistent. This chapter starts with an overview of its marking and its meanings, with special focus on the emergence of inclusive/exclusive forms through language-internal resources and contact-induced change, followed by a case study of the means involved in the expression of first person, or 'self', and 'other' in Tariana, a well-documented Arawak language from the multilingual Vaupés River Basin linguistic area in northwest Amazonia. These involve person markers, exponents of future, and evidentiality (or grammatical expression of information source). Special narrative techniques and expression reveal the role of 'self' in Tariana verbal art.

Item ID: 53312
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-878665-8
Keywords: Amazonian languages, Arawak languages, Tariana, the Vaupés River Basin linguistic area, evidentiality, self, other, inclusive, exclusive
Copyright Information: This chapter © Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald 2018. First published in 2018 by Oxford University Press.
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2019 07:02
FoR Codes: 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470409 Linguistic structures (incl. phonology, morphology and syntax) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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