Melioidosis in Papua New Guinea and Oceania

Warner, Jeffrey M., and Currie, Bart J. (2018) Melioidosis in Papua New Guinea and Oceania. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 3 (1).

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Abstract

Melioidosis has only been sporadically reported throughout Melanesia and the Pacific region since the first report from Guam in 1946; therefore, its contribution to the disease burden in this region is largely unknown. However, the outcome of a small number of active surveillance programs, serological surveys, and presumptive imported cases identified elsewhere provide an insight into its epidemiology and potential significance throughout the region. Both clinical cases and environmental reservoirs have been described from the rural district of Balimo in the Western Province of Papua New Guinea and from the Northern Province of New Caledonia. In both these locations the incidence of disease is similar to that described in tropical Australia and Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates are also phylogenetically linked to Australian isolates. Serological evidence and presumptive imported cases identified elsewhere suggest that melioidosis exists in other countries throughout the Pacific. However, the lack of laboratory facilities and clinical awareness, and the burden of other infections of public health importance such as tuberculosis, contribute to the under-recognition of melioidosis in this region.

Item ID: 53305
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Papua New Guinea; Oceania; melioidosis
Additional Information:

© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0.

ISSN: 2414-6366
Funders: BHP Community Trust, James Cook University, National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)
Projects and Grants: NHMRC Project Grant 1098337, NHMRC Project Grant 1131932
Date Deposited: 03 May 2018 03:04
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110801 Medical Bacteriology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 100%
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