Perinatal factors that contribute to the prevalence of cerebral palsy in Townsville, North Queensland

Forbes- Coe, Amy, Jones, Anne, Crowe, Melissa, Morgan, Catherine, and Walker, Karen (2018) Perinatal factors that contribute to the prevalence of cerebral palsy in Townsville, North Queensland. Journal of Neonatal Nursing, 24 (4). pp. 208-212.

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[Extract] Cerebral palsy (CP) is an umbrella term which describes a group of disorders involving movement and posture causing activity limitations that can occur during fetal or infant brain development (Ferrari and Cioni, 2010). CP is the most common childhood physical disability and in 94% of children who acquire this disability, the brain injury occurs within the pre/perinatal period (Australian Cerebral Palsy Register Group, 2016).

It is difficult to ascertain why the extremely preterm infant is at an increased risk of CP. Recent research has identified an increased survival of the extreme premature infant (Blencowe et al., 2012) and this could be related to advances in perinatal care, including the administration of antenatal steroids or magnesium sulphate, intrapartum antibiotics, delayed cord clamping, postnatal use of caffeine and therapeutic cooling (Badawi and Keogh, 2013). Advances in perinatal care specifically therapeutic cooling may have increased the survival of term infants and consequently, resulted in an increased number of term babies developing CP (Jacobs et al., 2013, Himmelmann and Uvebrant, 2014).

Item ID: 52975
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1878-089X
Funders: Australian College of Neonatal Nurses (ACNN), Townsville Hopsital and Health Service, James Cook University
Projects and Grants: ACNN Parker Healthcare Award
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2018 00:50
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3213 Paediatrics > 321302 Infant and child health @ 50%
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3209 Neurosciences > 320905 Neurology and neuromuscular diseases @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920111 Nervous System and Disorders @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health @ 50%
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