Plasma free thyroxine in the upper quartile is associated with an increased incidence of major cardiovascular events in older men that do not have thyroid dysfunction according to conventional criteria

Golledge, Jonathan, Hankey, Graeme J., Almeida, Osvaldo P., Flicker, Leon, Norman, Paul E., and Yeap, Bu B. (2018) Plasma free thyroxine in the upper quartile is associated with an increased incidence of major cardiovascular events in older men that do not have thyroid dysfunction according to conventional criteria. International Journal of Cardiology, 254. pp. 316-321.

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the association of plasma free thyroxine (FT4) and serum thyroidstimulating hormone (TSH) concentrations with the past diagnosis of cardiovascular disease and incidence of new cardiovascular events in older men with no known thyroid disease.

Methods: This study involved a cohort of community-recruited older men without known thyroid disease. Plasma FT4 and serum TSH were measured by immunoassay. Past cardiovascular disease diagnosis was defined through questionnaire data. The incidence of major cardiovascular events were assessed using the Western Australian Data Linkage System. The associations of plasma FT4 and serum TSH with the past diagnosis of cardiovascular disease and the incidence of new major cardiovascular events (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction or stroke) were examined using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard analyses.

Results: 3712 men were followed for a mean of 9.5 years. Men with plasma FT4 in the upper quartile, compared to other men, were more likely to have been previously diagnosed with cardiovascular disease but this association did not persist after adjustment for other risk factors. Men with plasma FT4 in the upper quartile, compared to other men, had an increased incidence of major cardiovascular events (adjusted hazard ratio, HR, 1.15, 95% CI 1.00–1.31) and myocardial infarction alone (adjusted HR 1.29, 95% CI 1.06–1.54).

Conclusion: This study suggests that older men with higher levels of plasma FT4 not meeting current criteria forthe diagnosis of hyperthyroidism are at increased risk of major cardiovascular events.

Item ID: 52949
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1874-1754
Keywords: thyroxine, men and cardiovascular events
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Queensland Government
Projects and Grants: NHMRC 1117061
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2018 05:31
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110299 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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