Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease

Jostins, Luke, Ripke, Stephan, Weersma, Rinse K., Duerr, Richard H., McGovern, Dermot P., Hui, Ken Y., Lee, James C., Schumm, L. Philip, Sharma, Yashoda, Anderson, Carl A., Essers, Jonah, Mitrovic, Mitja, Ning, Kaida, Cleynen, Isabelle, Theatre, Emilie, Spain, Sarah L., Raychaudhuri, Soumya, Goyette, Philippe, Wei, Zhi, Abraham, Clara, Achkar, Jean-Paul, Ahmad, Tariq, Amininejad, Leila, Ananthakrishnan, Ashwin N., Andersen, Vibeke, Andrews, Jane M., Baidoo, Leonard, Balschun, Tobias, Bampton, Peter A., Bitton, Alain, Boucher, Gabrielle, Brand, Stephan, Buening, Carsten, Cohain, Ariella, Cichon, Sven, D'Amato, Mauro, De Jong, Dirk, Devaney, Kathy L., Dubinsky, Marla, Edwards, Cathryn, Ellinghaus, David, Ferguson, Lynnette R., Franchimont, Denis, Fransen, Karin, Gearry, Richard, Georges, Michel, Gieger, Christian, Glas, Juergen, Haritunians, Talin, Hart, Ailsa, Hawkey, Chris, Hedl, Matija, Hu, Xinli, Karlsen, Tom H., Kupcinskas, Limas, Kugathasan, Subra, Latiano, Anna, Laukens, Debby, Lawrance, Ian C., Lees, Charlie W., Louis, Edouard, Mahy, Gillian, Mansfield, John, Morgan, Angharad R., Mowat, Craig, Newman, William, Palmieri, Orazio, Ponsioen, Cyriel Y., Potocnik, Uros, Prescott, Natalie J., Regueiro, Miguel, Rotter, Jerome I., Russell, Richard K., Sanderson, Jeremy D., Sans, Miquel, Satsangi, Jack, Schreiber, Stefan, Simms, Lisa A., Sventoraityte, Jurgita, Targan, Stephan R., Taylor, Kent D., Tremelling, Mark, Verspaget, Hein W., De Vos, Martine, Wijmenga, Cisca, Wilson, David C., Winkelmann, Juliane, Xavier, Ramnik J., Zeissig, Sebastian, Zhang, Bin, Zhang, Clarence K., Zhao, Hongyu, The International IBD Genetics Consortium, (IIBDGC), Silverberg, Mark S., Annese, Vito, Hakonarson, Hakon, Brant, Steven R., Radford-Smith, Graham, Mathew, Christopher G., Rioux, John D., Schadt, Eric E., Daly, Mark J., Franke, Andre, Parkes, Miles, Vermeire, Severine, Barrett, Jeffrey C., and Cho, Judy H. (2012) Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease. Nature, 491 (7422). pp. 119-124.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11582
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Abstract

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the two common forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), affect over 2.5 million people of European ancestry, with rising prevalence in other populations(1). Genome-wide association studies and subsequent meta-analyses of these two diseases(2,3) as separate phenotypes have implicated previously unsuspected mechanisms, such as autophagy(4), in their pathogenesis and showed that some IBD loci are shared with other inflammatory diseases(5). Here we expand on the knowledge of relevant pathways by undertaking a meta-analysis of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis genome-wide association scans, followed by extensive validation of significant findings, with a combined total of more than 75,000 cases and controls. We identify 71 new associations, for a total of 163 IBD loci, that meet genome-wide significance thresholds. Most loci contribute to both phenotypes, and both directional (consistently favouring one allele over the course of human history) and balancing (favouring the retention of both alleles within populations) selection effects are evident. Many IBD loci are also implicated in other immune-mediated disorders, most notably with ankylosing spondylitis and psoriasis. We also observe considerable overlap between susceptibility loci for IBD and mycobacterial infection. Gene co-expression network analysis emphasizes this relationship, with pathways shared between host responses to mycobacteria and those predisposing to IBD.

Item ID: 52925
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1476-4687
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2018 04:25
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110307 Gastroenterology and Hepatology @ 34%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060408 Genomics @ 33%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110801 Medical Bacteriology @ 33%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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