TBTand SPS impacts on Korean exports to China: empirical analysis using the PPML method

Wood, Jacob, Wu, Jie, Li, Yilin, and Kim, Jungsuk (2017) TBTand SPS impacts on Korean exports to China: empirical analysis using the PPML method. Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, 31 (2). pp. 96-114.

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Since diplomatic relations were established between China and Korea, the two countries have expanded their relationships, especially in trading commodities and services. However, in recent years, as tariff levels have fallen, China has sought to implement other protectionist mechanisms. The use of non-tariff measures has added another dimension to international trade activities that need to be better understood. The paper analyses the impacts that two forms of non-tariff measures, technical barriers to trade (TBT) and sanitary and phytosanitary measures, have on Korean exports to China. To measure the impacts, we use an adapted version of the gravity model and the Poisson pseudo-maximum likelihood method. The results show that Chinese sanitary and phytosanitary measures, estimated using both the coverage ratio and the frequency index, have positive correlations with Korean agricultural exports; however, Chinese TBT measures, when estimated by the coverage ratio, were found to depress Korean manufacturing exports and exports as a whole. However, using the frequency index, Chinese TBT measures were found to have a statistically insignificant negative impact on Korean exports to China.

Item ID: 52836
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1467-8411
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2018 01:15
FoR Codes: 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380110 International economics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9103 International Trade > 910303 Trade Policy @ 100%
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