Service use, advance planning and lifestyle changes following cognitive screening in primary healthcare in Singapore

Lee, Jamie Jia Yan, Thompson, Claire L., Shaik, Muhammad Amin, Wan, Esther, Chen, Christopher Li-Hsian, and Dong, Yan Hong (2018) Service use, advance planning and lifestyle changes following cognitive screening in primary healthcare in Singapore. International Psychogeriatrics, 30 (1). pp. 139-145.

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Background: Despite recent interest in community-based screening programs to detect undiagnosed cognitive disorder, little is known about whether screening leads to further diagnostic evaluation, or the effects of such programs in terms of actual changes in patient or caregiver behavior. This study followed up informants of older adults (i.e. caregivers of patients who completed informant-based screening regarding the patient) following participation in a study screening for undiagnosed memory problems, to explore uptake of further diagnostic evaluation or treatment, advance planning or preparations, lifestyle changes, medication adherence, and use of support services.

Methods: A total of 140 informants of older adult patients were surveyed four to fifteen months following participation in a cognitive screening study. The informants were interviewed with a study-specific survey about cognitive assessment, advance planning, lifestyle changes, and use of support services and general medication adherence.

Results: A minority of patients and informants had engaged in advance planning or made relevant lifestyle changes following cognitive screening. Those assessed as being at higher risk of memory problems were more likely to have attended a full diagnostic evaluation, engaged in support services and experienced medication adherence difficulties.

Conclusion: Only a small proportion of patients participating in cognitive screening subsequently engaged in diagnostic evaluation, advance planning, or lifestyle changes. However, those with higher risk of cognitive impairment were generally more likely to take some action following cognitive screening. Those at higher risk were also more vulnerable due to greater difficulties with medication adherence.

Item ID: 52399
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1741-203X
Keywords: screening, dementia, MCI, service-use, lifestyle change, advance planning, medication adherence
Copyright Information: © International Psychogeriatric Association 2017.
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2018 07:38
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5203 Clinical and health psychology > 520304 Health psychology @ 100%
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