Expression profiling of human fetal growth plate cartilage by EST sequencing

Tagariello, A, Schlaubitz, S, Hankeln, T, Mohrmann, G, Stelzer, C, Schweizer, A, Hermanns, P, Lee, B, Schmidt, ER, Winterpacht, A, and Zabel, B (2005) Expression profiling of human fetal growth plate cartilage by EST sequencing. Matrix biology, 24 (8). pp. 530-538.

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The differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into hypertrophic chondrocytes is an integral and multistep process important in pattern formation, endochondral ossification, and postnatal growth of the skeleton. In recent years, novel genes involved in these processes have been identified, but still only little is known about the large-scale gene expression profile during skeletal development. We initiated an expressed sequence tag (EST) project aiming at the identification of genes and pathways involved in this complex process. Candidate genes are expected to be of value for diagnosis and treatment of monogenic and multigenic heritable disorders of the skeleton. Here, we describe the sequences of 4748 clones from a human growth plate cartilage cDNA library generated from 20 weeks prenatal–2 years postnatal specimens. In silico analysis of these sequences revealed 1688 individual transcription units, corresponding to known (1274) and to novel, yet uncharacterised potential genes (414). The tissue specificity of the library was reflected by its corresponding EST profile representing a total of not, vert, similar10% proteins already shown to be involved in cartilage/bone development or homeostasis. The EST profile also reflects the developmental stage of the tissue with significant differences in the expression of matrix proteins compared to corresponding EST profiles from 8–12 and 12–20 week human fetal cartilage. Calculation of the relative frequency of transcripts in our cDNA library, as compared to their abundance in other EST datasets, revealed a set of not, vert, similar200 genes, including 81 novel, yet uncharacterised genes, showing increased expression. These genes represent candidates for the large number of osteochondrodysplasias for which the causative gene defects have not yet been identified.

Item ID: 522
Item Type: Article (UNSPECIFIED)
ISSN: 0945-053X
Keywords: Growth plate, Skeletal development, ESTs, Expression profiling
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© 2005 Elsevier : This journal is available online - use hypertext links above.

Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2006
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine > 111401 Foetal Development and Medicine @ 0%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060403 Developmental Genetics (incl Sex Determination) @ 0%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110314 Orthopaedics @ 0%
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