Acoustic classification of frog within-species and species-specific calls

Xie, Jie, Indraswari, Karlina, Schwarzkopf, Lin, Towsey, Michael, Zhang, Jinglan, and Roe, Paul (2018) Acoustic classification of frog within-species and species-specific calls. Applied Acoustics, 131. pp. 79-86.

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Abstract

There have been various studies using automated recognisers of acoustic features and machine learning algorithms to classify frog species within a chorusing community. Such studies rarely consider within-species call variation in the classification process. Individual frog species may make a range of different calls, with different purposes. Including modification of calls in automated recognition has the potential to not only increase the accuracy of classification of calls to species, but also to provide information on frog calling behaviour within species. Here we use acoustic feature extraction and machine learning algorithms (1) to investigate the acoustic feature importance of identifying species-specific calls; (2) to determine which acoustic features can be used to classify within-species calls. Our method was tested for its performance in recognising four frog species (Litoria bicolor, Litoria rothii, Litoria woyulumensis, and Uperoleia inundata) and four call types of Lwoyultunertsis (normal, click, response, and long trill). Mean classification accuracy was high, with 84.0% at the species level, and 83.7% at the call type level. The overall classification accuracy can be up to 93.0%, when considering four call types of L. woyulamensis as individual classes and being combined with other three frog species. Two techniques, principal component analysis and Fisher discriminant ratio were used for dimension reduction and to select important features for discriminating among calls of different species, and call types within species. In conclusion, our proposed classification mechanism could effectively not only classify different frog species but also identify different call types within the same species. Moreover, we found that time-domain features were important for classification of within-species calls, whereas frequency-domain features were more useful for classification of species-specific calls.

Item ID: 51974
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: soundscape ecology, frog community interactions, acoustic features, machine learning algorithms
ISSN: 1872-910X
Funders: Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Indonesian Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP), China Scholarship Council (CSC)
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2018 08:03
FoR Codes: 08 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080109 Pattern Recognition and Data Mining @ 80%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring @ 20%
SEO Codes: 89 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SERVICES > 8998 Environmentally Sustainable Information and Communication Services > 899899 Environmentally Sustainable Information and Communication Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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