An accurate estimate of monthly mean land surface temperatures from MODIS clear-sky retrievals

Chen, Xuelong, Su, Zhongbo, Ma, Yaoming, Cleverly, James, and Liddell, Michael (2017) An accurate estimate of monthly mean land surface temperatures from MODIS clear-sky retrievals. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 18 (10). pp. 2827-2847.

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Abstract

MODIS thermal sensors can provide us with global land surface temperature (LST) several times each day, but have difficulty in obtaining information from the land surface in cloudy situations. As a result, the monthly day or night LST products [Terra monthly day LST (TMD), Terra monthly night LST (TMN), Aqua monthly day LST (AMD), and Aqua monthly night LST (AMN)] are the average LST values calculated over a variable number of clear-sky days in a month. Is it possible to derive an accurate estimate of monthly mean LST based on averaging of the multidaily overpasses of MODISsensors? In situ ground measurements and ERA-Interim reanalyses data, both of which provide continuous information in either clear or cloudy conditions, have been used to validate the approach. Using LST measurements from 156 ground flux towers, it was found that the three mean values LST((AMD,AMN) over bar), LST((TMD,TMN) over bar), and LST((AMD,AMN,TMD,TMN) over bar) (mean biases of 0.19, 0.59, and 0.40 K, respectively) can all provide a reliable estimate of all-sky monthly mean LST. Of the three means, we recommend the use of LST((AMD,AMN,TMD,TMN) over bar) for monthly mean LST in climate studies as it provides the most complete coverage. When retrievals from either Terra or Aqua are not available, then either LST((AMD,AMN) over bar) or LST((TMD,TMN) over bar) may be used to fill the gaps. The intrinsic error in the MODIS monthly mean LST cannot be explained from monthly mean view time, view angle, and clear-sky ratio. MODIS monthly LST calculated using this approach LST((AMD,AMN,TMD,TMN) over tilde) (RMSE52.65, mean bias, <+/- 1K) will have wide applicability for climate studies and numerical model evaluation.

Item ID: 51894
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1525-7541
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2017 07:44
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040199 Atmospheric Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960399 Climate and Climate Change not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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