Isotope geochemistry of Mississippi Valley Type stratabound F-Ba-(Pb-Zn) ores of Hammam Zriba (Province of Zaghouan, NE Tunisia)

Jemmali, Nejib, Carranza, Emmanuel John M., and Zemmel, Balkiss (2017) Isotope geochemistry of Mississippi Valley Type stratabound F-Ba-(Pb-Zn) ores of Hammam Zriba (Province of Zaghouan, NE Tunisia). Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry, 77 (3). pp. 477-486.

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Abstract

The Hammam Zriba F-Ba-(Zn-Pb) ore deposit in the Province of Zaghouan in north-eastern Tunisia is hosted in the shallow dipping unconformity between green marls with chalky biomicritic limestones of Campanian age and Uppermost Jurassic carbonates. The mineralization consists mainly of fluorite and barite with minor sphalerite and galena. Calcite is the main gangue mineral. Two types of Zn-Pb sulfides can be distinguished according to the geometry of the orebodies, i.e., lenticular or stratiform ores, intrakarstic fillings. Sulfur isotope compositions (634S) of barite range from 14.7 to 17.2%0, indicating that sulfur was derived from Triassic evaporites and the higher ones (19-25.7%0) are due to reservoir effect associated with thermo-chemical sulfate reduction (TSR) or bacterial sulfate reduction (BSR) under conditions of restricted sulfate supply. 834S of galena and sphalerite in lenticluar and intra-karstic orebodies range from 13.8 to 2.1%0, and could be explained by multiple sources of reduced sulfur: Triassic evaporites, diagenetic primary sulfides as well as sulfur from organic matter. Both TSR and BSR as potential contributors of sulfur are needed for sulfide precipitation. Lead isotope compositions of galena exhibit very similar: 206 pb/204 pb (18.858-18.876), 207 pb/204 pb (15.667-15.684), and 208P14204Pb (38.680-38.747) ratios, and plot between the upper crust and orogene average growth curves, reflecting involvement of a mixing and subsequent homogenization of Pb isotopic compositions of different source Pb reservoirs. The underlying Paleozoic basement rocks were the plausible source of metals. The economic ore (fluorite Fl) mineralization was formed during the Eocene-Miocene compressional phase. During this deformation phase, deep-seated basinal brines have been circulated as hydrothermal fluids that have interacted with the Paleozoic rocks, thereby leaching metals, and have been channelized through subsidiary faults associated with the major regional NE SW-trending deep-seated Zaghouan-Ressas fault. Hydrothermal fluids then migrated to the site of deposition where they got mixed with shallow, cooler, metal-depleted, TSR- and BSR-derived sulfur-rich fluids, which triggered the precipitation of the ores.

Item ID: 51764
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1611-5864
Keywords: Hammam Zriba, Province of Zaghouan, fluorite-barite, stratabound mineralization, isotope geochemistry
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2017 07:36
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0402 Geochemistry > 040203 Isotope Geochemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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