Coral bleaching pathways under the control of regional temperature variability

Langlais, C.E., Lenton, A., Heron, S.F., Evenhuis, C., Sen Gupta, A., Brown, J.N., and Kuchinke, M. (2017) Coral bleaching pathways under the control of regional temperature variability. Nature Climate Change, 7 (11). pp. 839-844.

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Abstract

Increasing sea surface temperatures (SSTs) are predicted to adversely impact coral populations worldwide through increasing thermal bleaching events. Future bleaching is unlikely to be spatially uniform. Therefore, understanding what determines regional differences will be critical for adaptation management. Here, using a cumulative heat stress metric, we show that characteristics of regional SST determine the future bleaching risk patterns. Incorporating observed information on SST variability, in assessing future bleaching risk, provides novel options for management strategies. As a consequence, the known biases in climate model variability and the uncertainties in regional warming rate across climate models are less detrimental than previously thought. We also show that the thresholds used to indicate reef viability can strongly influence a decision on what constitutes a potential refugia. Observing and understanding the drivers of regional variability, and the viability limits of coral reefs, is therefore critical for making meaningful projections of coral bleaching risk.

Item ID: 51626
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1758-6798
Funders: NCI National Facility, AusAID, Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency
Projects and Grants: AusAID Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning Program
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 07:56
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 100%
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