Mangrove ecosystems under climate change

Jennerjahn, T.C., Gilman, E., Krauss, K.W., Lacerda, L.D., Nordhaus, I., and Wolanski, E. (2017) Mangrove ecosystems under climate change. In: Rivera-Monroy, Victor H., Lee, Shing Yip, Kristensen, Erik, and Twilley, Robert R., (eds.) Mangrove Ecosystems: A Global Biogeographic Perspective - Structure, Function and Services. Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 211-244.

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Abstract

This chapter assesses the response of mangrove ecosystems to possible outcomes of climate change, with regard to the following categories: (i) distribution, diversity, and community composition, (ii) physiology of flora and fauna, (iii) water budget, (iv) productivity and remineralization, (v) carbon storage in biomass and sediments, and (vi) the filter function for elements beneficial or harmful to life. These categories are then used to identify the regions most vulnerable to climate change. The four most important factors determining the response of mangrove ecosystems to climate change are sea level rise, an increase in frequency and/or intensity of storms, increases in temperature, and aridity. While these changes may be beneficial for some mangrove forests at latitudinal distribution limits, they will threaten forest structure and functions and related ecosystem services in most cases. The interaction of climate change with human interventions is discussed, as well as the effects on ecosystem services including possible adaptation and management options. The chapter closes with an outlook on knowledge gaps and priority research needed to fill these gaps.

Item ID: 51560
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-3-319-62206-4
Keywords: climate change; mangrove forest; ecosystem service; sea level rise; vulnerability; adaptation; management; carbon storage; diversity; temperature increase
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2017 04:22
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040608 Surfacewater Hydrology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9199 Other Economic Framework > 919902 Ecological Economics @ 100%
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