Effect of polyaniline-coated galvanized steel electrodes on electrokinetic sedimentation of dredged mud slurries

Malekzadeh, M., Sivakugan, N., Kazum, O., and Mathan, B. (2017) Effect of polyaniline-coated galvanized steel electrodes on electrokinetic sedimentation of dredged mud slurries. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 54 (8). pp. 1150-1157.

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Abstract

An experimental study on electrokinetic improvement of dredged marine sediments to accelerate their sedimentation for land reclamation purposes is presented. Electrokinetic stabilization is currently used to improve soils; however, its use on soils with marine sediments with low permeability is still questionable due to the deterioration of anodes caused by an electrolysis reaction. A number of traditional methods are employed in literature to reduce the corrosion degradation of metals, such as painting, galvanizing, and conversion coating. Conducting polymers, e.g., polyaniline, are of engineering interest due to their properties such as ease of preparation and their high environmental stability in protecting metals from corrosion. For this purpose, the anodes used in the electrokinetic testing cell herein were coated with polyaniline to investigate the effect on electrokinetic stabilization of the dredged mud. Two series of experiments were performed using a polyaniline-coated galvanized steel anode, and two series of experiments with noncoated galvanized steel anodes were also carried out as a control. Depending on the applied voltage, the settlement and electroosmotic permeability of the dredged mud varied during the process. Polyaniline coating increased the power consumption during the electrokinetic stabilization compared to the case where the same electric potential was applied using the uncoated electrodes. However, when 5 V electric potential was applied to the soil through the polyaniline coated anode, its settlement and electroosmotic permeability were equivalent to what was observed with the 30 V electric potential applied through the noncoated anode, with 3 times less energy consumption.

Item ID: 51332
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: polyaniline coating; soil improvement; galvanized steel; anode; dredged marine sediments
ISSN: 1208-6010
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2017 03:20
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090501 Civil Geotechnical Engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 87 CONSTRUCTION > 8702 Construction Design > 870201 Civil Construction Design @ 100%
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