Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm in the Solomon Islands

Bradbury, Richard S., Hii, Sze Fui, Harrington, Humpress, Speare, Richard, and Traub, Rebecca (2017) Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm in the Solomon Islands. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23 (2). pp. 252-257.

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Abstract

Although hookworm is highly prevalent in the Solomon Islands, the species involved are unknown. We initiated this study in response to finding Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm in a peacekeeper in Australia who had returned from the Solomon Islands. Kato-Katz fecal surveys performed in 2013 and 2014 in 2 village groups in East Malaita, Solomon 18Iands, identified hookworm-positive samples. These specimens were tested by cytochrome oxidase 1 (cox-1) gene multiplex PCR and sequenced. Of 66 positive specimens, 54(81.8%) contained only Necator americanus, 11(16.7%) contained only A. ceylanicum, and 1(1.5%) contained both species. A. duodenale was not found. Haplotype analysis of cox-1 sequences placed all human isolates (99% boot-strap support) of A. ceylanicum within the zoonotic clade rather than the human-specific clade. This study confirms that A. ceylanicum is endemic in the East Malaita region of this Pacific Island nation. The strain of the A. ceylanicum in this region can be shared among humans, dogs, and cats.

Item ID: 50738
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1080-6059
Funders: World Health Organisation (WHO)
Projects and Grants: WHO Tropical Diseases Research
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 11:28
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110803 Medical Parasitology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 100%
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