Protected areas as social-ecological systems: perspectives from resilience and social-ecological systems theory

Cumming, Graeme S., and Allen, Craig R. (2017) Protected areas as social-ecological systems: perspectives from resilience and social-ecological systems theory. Ecological Applications, 27 (6). pp. 1709-1717.

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Abstract

Conservation biology and applied ecology increasingly recognize that natural resource management is both an outcome and a driver of social, economic, and ecological dynamics. Protected areas offer a fundamental approach to conserving ecosystems, but they are also social-ecological systems whose ecological management and sustainability are heavily influenced by people. This editorial, and the papers in the invited feature that it introduces, discuss three emerging themes in social-ecological systems approaches to understanding protected areas: (1) the resilience and sustainability of protected areas, including analyses of their internal dynamics, their effectiveness, and the resilience of the landscapes within which they occur; (2) the relevance of spatial context and scale for protected areas, including such factors as geographic connectivity, context, exchanges between protected areas and their surrounding landscapes, and scale dependency in the provision of ecosystem services; and (3) efforts to reframe what protected areas are and how they both define and are defined by the relationships of people and nature. These emerging themes have the potential to transform management and policy approaches for protected areas and have important implications for conservation, in both theory and practice.

Item ID: 50667
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1939-5582
Keywords: complexity, connectivity, conservation, institution, management, national park, natural resources, policy, protected areas as socioecological systems, scale, sustainability
Funders: National Research Foundation of South Africa, Percy FitzPatrick Institute, James S. McDonnell Foundation, Nebraska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, United States Geological Survey, Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, University of Nebraska – Lincoln, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Management Institute
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 10:57
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960599 Ecosystem Assessment and Management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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