Unifying research on social-ecological resilience and collapse

Cumming, Graeme S., and Peterson, Garry D. (2017) Unifying research on social-ecological resilience and collapse. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 32 (9). pp. 695-713.

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Abstract

Ecosystems influence human societies, leading people to manage ecosystems for human benefit. Poor environmental management can lead to reduced ecological resilience and social-ecological collapse. We review research on resilience and collapse across different systems and propose a unifying social-ecological framework based on (i) a clear definition of system identity; (ii) the use of quantitative thresholds to define collapse; (iii) relating collapse processes to system structure; and (iv) explicit comparison of alternative hypotheses and models of collapse. Analysis of 17 representative cases identified 14 mechanisms, in five classes, that explain social-ecological collapse. System structure influences the kind of collapse a system may experience. Mechanistic theories of collapse that unite structure and process can make fundamental contributions to solving global environmental problems.

Item ID: 50660
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: adaptive cycle, feedback, heterarchy, social–ecological system, threshold, vulnerability
ISSN: 1872-8383
Funders: James S. McDonnell Foundation, ARC CoE Coral Reef Studies, Stockholm Resilience Centre
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 10:57
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 80%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2199 Other History and Archaeology > 219999 History and Archaeology not elsewhere classified @ 20%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960599 Ecosystem Assessment and Management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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