Split-dose bowel preparation with polyethylene glycol for colonoscopy performed under propofol sedation. Is there an optimal timing?

Alghamry, Alaa, Ponnuswamy, Sureshkumar K., Agarwal, Aditya, Moattar, Hadi, Yerkovich, Stephanie T., Vandeleur, Ann E., Endoscopy Nurses Collaborative, , Thomas, James, Croese, John, Rahman, Tony, and Hodgson, Ruth (2017) Split-dose bowel preparation with polyethylene glycol for colonoscopy performed under propofol sedation. Is there an optimal timing? Journal of Digestive Diseases, 18 (3). pp. 160-168.

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Abstract

Objective: Aspiration risk, especially with propofol sedation, remains a concern after split-dose bowel preparation of up to 1 L polyethylene glycol for the procedure. We aimed to identify the ideal timing of bowel preparation to achieve optimal colon cleansing with no increased risk of aspiration.

Methods: A total of 892 consecutive patients undergoing simultaneous esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy were prospectively recruited. Residual gastric volume (RGV) and pH of gastric contents were measured at EGD, and patients' characteristics, runway time (duration between completion of the final liter of bowel preparation and colonoscopy commencement), and cleansing quality were recorded.

Results: A shorter runway time resulted in better colon cleansing (r = -0.124, P < 0.001). No correlation between runway time and RGV or pH was found (r = -0.017, P = 0.62 and r = -0.030, P = 0.47, respectively). RGV and pH did not differ significantly with runway time of 4 or 5 h. RGV with runway time <= 3 h was 35.9 +/- 11.8 mL and 17.4 +/- 0.6 mL after runway time >3 h (P < 0.001). No aspiration pneumonia occurred. The only factors independently related to higher RGV were younger age and male sex.

Conclusions: The consumption of bowel preparation agent within 3-4 h before propofol sedation resulted in a similar RGV and pH as those achieved by more prolonged fasting, with no increased risk of aspiration even in patients perceived to be at high risk.

Item ID: 50643
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1751-2980
Keywords: aspiration pneumonia, colonoscopy, polyethylene glycols, residual gastric volume, split-dose bowel preparation
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 10:49
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110323 Surgery @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920118 Surgical Methods and Procedures @ 100%
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