Logging and indigenous hunting impacts on persistence of large Neotropical animals

Roopsind, Anand, Caughlin, T. Trevor, Sambhu, Hemchandranauth, Fragoso, Jose M.V., and Putz, Francis E. (2017) Logging and indigenous hunting impacts on persistence of large Neotropical animals. Biotropica, 49 (4). pp. 565-575.

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Abstract

Areas allocated for industrial logging and community-owned forests account for over 50% of all remaining tropical forests. Landscapescale conservation strategies that include these forests are expected to have substantial benefits for biodiversity, especially for large mammals and birds that require extensive habitat but that are susceptible to extirpation due to synergies between logging and hunting. In addition, their responses to logging alone are poorly understood due to their cryptic behavior and low densities. In this study, we assessed the effects of logging and hunting on detection and occupancy rates of large vertebrates in a multiple- use forest on the Guiana Shield. Our study site was certified as being responsibly managed for timber production and indigenous communities are legally guaranteed use-rights to the forest. We coupled camera-trap data for wildlife detection with a spatially explicit dataset on indigenous hunting. A multi-species occupancy model found a weak positive effect of logging on occupancy and detection rates, while hunting had a weak negative effect. Model predictions of species richness were also higher in logged forest sites compared to unlogged forest sites. Density estimates for jaguars and ocelots in our multiple- use area were similar to estimates reported for fully protected areas. Involvement of local communities in forest management, control of forest access, and nesting production forests in a landscape that includes protected areas seemed important for these positive biodiversity outcomes. The maintenance of vertebrate species bodes well for both biodiversity and the humans that depend on multiple- use forests.

Item ID: 50608
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1744-7429
Keywords: bush meat, Iwokrama, occupancy model, production forests, reduced-impact logging, selective logging, subsistence hunting, wildlife management
Funders: World Wildlife Fund, Guianas, National Science Foundation (NSF)
Projects and Grants: NSF grant #BE/CHN 05018094, NSF grant #1415297
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 10:27
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060208 Terrestrial Ecology @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960505 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Forest and Woodlands Environments @ 100%
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