The reaction of thiyl radical with methyl linoleate: completing the picture

Chatgilialoglu, Chryssostomos, Ferreri, Carla, Guerra, Maurizio, Samadi, Abdelouahid, and Bowry, Vincent W. (2017) The reaction of thiyl radical with methyl linoleate: completing the picture. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 139 (13). pp. 4704-4714.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.6b11320
 
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Abstract

Cis lipids can be converted by thiols and free radicals into trans lipids, which are therefore a valuable tell-tale for free radical activity in the cell's lipidome. Our previous studies have shown that polyunsaturated lipids are isomerized by alkahethiy1 radicals (S-center dot) in a cycle propagated by reversible double-bond addition and terminated by radical H-abstraction from the lipid. A critical flaw in this picture has long been that the reported lipid abstraction rate from radiolysis studies is faster than addition-isomerization, implying that the "cycle" must be terminating faster than it is propagating! Herein, we resolved this longstanding puzzle by combining a detailed product analysis, with reinvestigation of the time-resolved kinetics, DFT calculations of the indicated pathways, and reformulation of the radical-stasis equations. We have determined thiol-coupled products in dilute solutions arise mainly from addition to the inside position of the bisallylic followed by rapid intramolecular H-center dot transfer, yielding allylic radicals (L-zz + S-center dot reversible arrow SL center dot SLR'(center dot)) that are slowly reduced by thiol (SL'(center dot) + SH -> SL'H + S-center dot). The first-order grow-in rate of the L--H(center dot). signal (k(exp)(280nm)) may therefore be dominated by the addition-H-translocation rather than slower direct H-center dot-abstraction. Steady-state kinetic analysis of the new mechanism is consistent with products and the rates and trends for polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), and mixtures, with and without physiological [O-2]. Implications of this new paradigm for the thiol-ene reactivity fall in an interdisciplinary research area spanning from synthetic applications to metabolomics.

Item ID: 50602
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1520-5126
Funders: COST Action CM1201
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 10:22
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0304 Medicinal and Biomolecular Chemistry > 030402 Biomolecular Modelling and Design @ 50%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0399 Other Chemical Sciences > 039999 Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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