An appeal for a code of conduct for marine conservation

Bennett, Nathan J., Teh, Lydia, Ota, Yoshitaka, Christie, Patrick, Ayers, Adam, Day, Jon C., Franks, Phil, Gill, David, Gruby, Rebecca L., Kittinger, John N., Koehn, J. Zachary, Lewis, Nai'a, Parks, John, Vierros, Marjo, Whitty, Tara S., Wilhelm, Aulani, Wright, Kim, Aburto, Jaime A., Finkbeiner, Elena M., Gaymer, Carlos F., Govan, Hugh, Gray, Noella, Jarvis, Rebecca M., Kaplan-Hallam, Maery, and Satterfield, Terre (2017) An appeal for a code of conduct for marine conservation. Marine Policy, 81. pp. 411-418.

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Abstract

Marine conservation actions are promoted to conserve natural values and support human wellbeing. Yet the quality of governance processes and the social consequences of some marine conservation initiatives have been the subject of critique and even human rights complaints. These types of governance and social issues may jeopardize the legitimacy of, support for and long-term effectiveness of marine conservation. Thus, we argue that a clearly articulated and comprehensive set of social standards - a code of conduct - is needed to guide marine conservation. In this paper, we draw on the results of an expert meeting and scoping review to present key principles that might be taken into account in a code of conduct, to propose a draft set of foundational elements for inclusion in a code of conduct, to discuss the benefits and challenges of such a document, and to propose next steps to develop and facilitate the uptake of a broadly applicable code of conduct within the marine conservation community. The objectives of developing such a code of conduct are to promote fair conservation governance and decision-making, socially just conservation actions and outcomes, and accountable conservation practitioners and organizations The uptake and implementation of a code of conduct would enable marine conservation to be both socially acceptable and ecologically effective, thereby contributing to a truly sustainable ocean.

Item ID: 50583
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-9460
Keywords: marine conservation, code of conduct, environmental governance, environmental management, conservation planning, conservation social science
Additional Information:

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).

Funders: Nippon Foundation (NF), Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), Liber Ero Fellowship, Banting Postdoctoral Fellowship
Projects and Grants: NF Nereus Program
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 10:12
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 100%
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