The effect of microbiome/Toll-like receptor interactions on susceptibility to type 1 diabetes.

Jordan, M.A., Stanley, D., Moore, R., Crowley, B., and Baxter, A.G. (2016) The effect of microbiome/Toll-like receptor interactions on susceptibility to type 1 diabetes. European Journal of Immunology, 46 (S1). 3371. pp. 292-293.

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Changes in microbiome, mucosal immunity and intestinal integrity have been associated with the onset of Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) in children. Toll-like Receptors (TLR) have been associated all three factors. The role of TLR and their effects on microbiome in autoimmunity were studied by crossing TLR1,2,4,6,9 and MyD88 targeted deficiency mutations to the type 1 diabetes (T1D)-prone NOD mouse strain. While NOD.Tlr9-/- and NOD.Tlr6-/- mice were unaffected, T1D in NOD.Tlr4-/- and NOD.Tlr1-/- mice was exacerbated and that in NOD.Myd88-/- and NOD.Tlr2-/- mice ameliorated. Physical parameters of the intestines were compared; ileal weight was reduced in NOD.Tlr1-/-mice. Similarly, by histology, these mice had reduced villus length and width. The intestinal microbiomes of NOD wild-type (WT), NOD.Tlr1-/-, NOD.Tlr2-/- and NOD.Tlr4-/- mice were compared by high throughput sequencing of 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA), in two cohorts, 18 months apart. Analysis of caecal 16S sequences clearly resolved the mouse lines and there were significant differences in beta diversity between the strains, with individual bacterial species contributing greatly to the differences in the microbiota of individual TLR-deficient strains. To test the relationship between microbiome and T1D, all strains were re-derived onto the parental NOD/Lt line and the incidence of T1D re-assessed within two generations. All rederived lines expressed an incidence of disease similar to that of the parental line. TLR deficiencies are associated with changes in microbiome; changes of microbiome are associated with T1D; the effects of TLR deficiencies on T1D appear to be mediated by their effects on gut flora.

Item ID: 50542
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
ISSN: 1521-4141
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Presented at ICI 2016 International Congress of Immunology, 21-26 August 2016, Melbourne, Australia

Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2017 03:42
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110706 Immunogenetics (incl Genetic Immunology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920104 Diabetes @ 100%
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