Epidemiology of soil-transmitted helminthiases-related mortality in Brazil

Martins-Melo, Francisco R., Ramos, Alberto N., Alencar, Carlos H., Lima, Mauricélia, and Heukelbach, Jorg (2017) Epidemiology of soil-transmitted helminthiases-related mortality in Brazil. Parasitology, 144 (5). pp. 669-679.

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Abstract

Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are widely distributed in tropical and subtropical areas, including Brazil. We performed a nationwide population-based study including all deaths in Brazil from 2000 to 2011, in which STHs (ascariasis, trichuriasis and/or hookworm infection) were mentioned on death certificates, either as underlying or as associated causes of death. Epidemiological characteristics, time trends and spatial analysis of STH-related mortality were analysed. STHs was identified on 853/12 491 280 death certificates: 827 (97.0%) deaths related to ascariasis, 25 (2.9%) to hookworm infections, and 1 (0.1%) to trichuriasis. The average annual age-adjusted mortality rate was 0.34/1 000 000 inhabitants (95% confidence interval: 0.27-0.44). Females, children <10 years of age, indigenous ethnic groups and residents in the Northeast region had highest STH-related mortality rates. Nationwide mortality decreased significantly over time (annual percent change: -5.7%; 95% CI: -6.9 to -4.4), with regional differences. We identified spatial high-risk clusters for STH-related mortality mainly in the North, Northeast and South regions. Diseases of the digestive system and infectious/parasitic diseases were the most commonly associated causes of death mentioned in the STH-related deaths. Despite decreasing mortality in Brazil, a considerable number of deaths is caused by STHs, with ascariasis responsible for the vast majority. There were marked regional differences, affecting mainly children and vulnerable populations.

Item ID: 50372
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1469-8161
Keywords: soil-transmitted helminthiasis, neglected tropical diseases, mortality, spatial analysis, time trend analysis, Brazil
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 08:20
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110803 Medical Parasitology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 100%
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